Context: His disciples are troubled and confused. Jesus is spending this last supper with His disciples answering questions and offering prophetic insight. Right after this they head out to Mount of Olives and then to the Garden of Gethsemane where He prays for about 3 hours before being betrayed by Judas and arrested. We are within the last hours of Jesus’ life on earth.
15 “If you love me, you will keep my commandments. “Faith without works is dead.”
16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper to be with you forever,
Helper- Paraklētos– This word has the idea of someone called to help someone else, and it could refer to an advisor, a legal defender, a mediator, or to an intercessor.
another– adjective- being more of the same, one who will continue my ministry to you
Jesus is also referred to as a Parakletos- 1 Jo 2:1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.
This “other” Helper will fulfill Jesus’ promise in Mat 28:20 “And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” He will be with them forever.
Who is this Helper?
17 even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.
Alētheia- absolute, unchanging truth. The Spirit of Truth aka The Holy Spirit. (v. 26)
And the Spirit of Truth is a PERSON. Third person of the trinity. Co-equal with Jesus and the Father, yet a distinct person.
Refers to the Holy Spirit 4 times in 2 sentences using a personal pronoun. third-person singular. In Scripture He speaks, He loves, He chooses, He teaches, and He guides.
Scripture presents the Holy Spirit as not merely a “force” but as a Person. The Spirit is referred to in personal terms (John 15:26; 16:7–8, 13–14). He speaks (1 Timothy 4:1), He loves (Romans 15:30), He chooses (Acts 13:2), He teaches (John 14:26), and He guides (Acts 16:7). He can be lied to (Acts 5:3–4) and grieved (Ephesians 4:30).
The Holy Spirit possesses the nature of deity—He shares the attributes of God. He is eternal (Hebrews 9:14). He is omnipresent (Psalm 139:7–10) and omniscient (1 Corinthians 2:10–11). He was involved in the creation of the world (Genesis 1:2). The Holy Spirit enjoys intimate association with both the Father and the Son (Matthew 28:19; John 14:16). When we compare Exodus 16:7 with Hebrews 3:7–9, we see that the Holy Spirit and Yahweh are the same (see also Isaiah 6:8 as compared to Acts 28:25).
Eze 36:26 And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.
27 And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules.
In addition to with and in, Jesus used a third preposition to describe the relationship of the disciple to the Holy Spirit: you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you (Acts 1:8). This upon experience is the outpouring or filling of the Spirit.
The Spirit “came upon” such Old Testament people as Joshua (Numbers 27:18), David (1 Samuel 16:12-13) and even Saul (1 Samuel 10:10). In the book of Judges, we see the Spirit “coming upon” the various judges whom God raised up to deliver Israel from their oppressors.
The Holy Spirit came upon these individuals for specific tasks
What Jesus is promising supercedes what the greatest OT saint would ever experience. He is promising that the Holy Spirit would not only be with us and come upon us, but He would actually take up residence within us!
Romans 8:9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.
1Co 3:16 Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?
We become a temple and tabernacle for the Holy Spirit.
Addressing their concern that he is leaving them, he says (14:5)
18 “I will not leave you as orphans ; I will come to you. 19 Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.
Orphans– parentless:—comfortless, fatherless
I will come to you- Second time He says this. Jhn 14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also. (The Second Coming of Christ)
V 19- Yet a little while… Fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ and there is a third fulfillment of His coming again found in the next verses.
21 Whoever has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me. And he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him.”
Manifest- disclose, appear to
Who does He manifest Himself to? “he who loves me“
How does Jesus manifest Himself to us? Good question…
22 Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” 23 Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.
we will come- He expands the concept of His coming to include “make our home with him”
“our home with him” a staying, abiding, dwelling, abode with him.
So again, how does Jesus come to us, make His home with us? Through the ministry and indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
Rom 8:9. You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.
Interchangeable terms—Spirit of God/Spirit of Christ
24 Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And the word that you hear is not mine but the Father’s who sent me. 25 “These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. 26 But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
How does this apply to me today?
You have ALL of the power needed to accomplish ANYTHING the Lord calls you to do.
Rom 8:11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.
Can a born-again believer lose the indwelling of the Spirit? No.
And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever (John 14:16).
Having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession (Ephesians 1:13,14).
Can the ministry and work of the Holy Spirit be hindered in our lives? Yes.
Eph 4:30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
1Th 5:19 Do not quench the Spirit. (extinguish, suppress, stifle)
How should we respond? Repent and confess.