Faith is the Key
1 John 5:1-12

Faith is the Key

1 John 5:1-12

  1. Review
    1. Author: John
    2. Date of Writing: ~90 AD
    3. Purpose: 1 John 5:13 – I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God that you may know that you have eternal life.
    4. “I am writing to you”
      1. so your joy may be complete (1:4)
      2. so that you may not sin (2:1)
      3. because your sins have been forgiven you for His name’s sake (2:12)
      4. because you know the truth and no lie is of the truth (2:21)
      5. to protect from those trying to deceive (2:26)
      6. that you may know you have eternal life (5:13)
  2. Big Picture – Faith is the key resulting in eternal life, assurance of salvation and it overcomes the world.
  3. Key Verse – 1 John 5:4 For everyone who has been born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.
  4. Passage
    1. 1 John 5:1 – Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been born of God, and everyone who loves the Father loves whoever has been born of him.
      1. Believes: – has faith, trusts – not just head knowledge
        1. 1 John 4:14-15 – And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world. Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God.
        2. John 1:12 – But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God
        3. Romans 10:9 – …if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
      2. Christ: – Anointed Messiah – “the one who saves”
      3. Born, Father, Born – all the same root word – “gennao” – Genesis, Genetics, Genes. Denotes family and relations
        1. 1 John 2:29 – If you know that he is righteous, you may be sure that everyone who practices righteousness has been born of him.
        2. 1 John 3:9 – No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God’s seed abides in him, and he cannot keep on sinning because he has been born of God.
      4. Loves: – “agapao” – the love that God has for us. Any time that “love” is used in this passage it is this word.
        1. John 3:35 The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand.
        2. John 15:12 “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.
      5. How does God love us (review from last week)
        1. He gives us His Spirit
        2. He sent His Son to be the Savior of the world
        3. He casts out fear
        4. He is the origin of love and causes us to love others
        5. He leads us to be genuine and true
      6. We love others the same way that God loves us
        1. 1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
    2. 1 John 5:2-3 – By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and obey his commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments. And his commandments are not burdensome.
      1. Obey: “to do” – action component. Active obedience
      2. God’s commands are for the good of us and those around us.
        1. Matthew 5:21-22a – You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’ But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment;
        2. Matthew 22:37a-40 – “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”
      3. Love and obedience go hand-in-hand
      4. Our love for and obedience of God results naturally in loving others.
      5. God’s commands are not burdensome
      6. Burdensome: Heavy, weighty
      7. Contrasting with Pharasees’ “burdensome” commands
        1. Matthew 23:4 – They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to move them with their finger.
      8. Also likely contrasting with NOT keeping them
    3. 1 John 5:4-5 – For everyone who has been born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith. Who is it that overcomes the world except the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God?
      1. Born: Genneo – Same as 5:1
      2. Overcomes – Conquers, carries off in victory – implies a battle
      3. World: (kosmos) many different uses for this word in the scriptures but refers to broken world system.
        1. 1 John 2:15 Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
      4. Faith – Conviction of truth – leads to salvation
        1. Rom 3:28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.
        2. Ephesians 2:8-9 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.
      5. Believes – faith, trust
        1. John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.  
        2. John 3:18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.  
        3. Romans 4:5 And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness,
      6. Son of God – divine nature, Savior – Sacrificed Himself as God for our sins so we could have a relationship with Him.
        1. John 1:34 And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God.  
        2. Mark 15:39 And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”  
      7. Emphasizes the Deity of Jesus Christ
    4. 1 John 5:6 – This is he who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ; not by the water only but by the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the one who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth.
      1. Jesus Christ – Jesus the Messiah – Stating that Jesus is God come to save us.
      2. Water and Blood – Pierced side – water and blood. Reference to His death.
        1. John 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water.
      3. Water and Blood – Address the gnostics. They believed that physical (body) = bad and spiritual = good. They were teaching that God came on a man, Jesus when he was baptized (water) and left Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane. This verse emphasizes that he came by water AND the blood. Reference to Jesus being Messiah fully God and fully man even at His Death.
        1. Luke 23:46 Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last.
    5. 1 John 5:7-8 – For there are three that testify: the Spirit and the water and the blood; and these three agree.
      1. 3 specific times in His life where he was manifested as God incarnate.
        1. His Baptism – Matthew 3:16-17  And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”
        2. His Crucifixion – Mark 15:39 And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”
        3. His Resurrection – Romans 1:3-4 …concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord
      2. These three agree – agree = “one” – They all say the same thing that Jesus is the Messiah, fully God and fully Man.
        1. John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
        2. John 1:14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
    6. 1 John 5:9-12 – If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater, for this is the testimony of God that he has borne concerning his Son. Whoever believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself. Whoever does not believe God has made him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has borne concerning his Son. And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.
      1. Testimony of men –
        1. Luke 3:16 John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.  
        2. Acts 2:38 And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
      2. Testimony of God is greater – greater = megas. Mega Testimony!
        1. As eloquent or fumbling as we are, it is not about us, it is about the testimony of God. We may be good with our testimony but God has the Mega Testimony! We should not be ashamed to share!
      3. Whoever believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself – One of the strongest testimonies is the Believer’s assurance of salvation. You can try to explain it, but the testimony is in us!
      4. Whoever does not believe God has made Him a liar
        1. Numbers 23:19 God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it?
        2. Because God cannot lie, it may be better understood that the unbeliever has made God out to be a liar…
      5. What is the testimony? “God gave us eternal life, and this life is in His son.”
      6. Life – Absolute fullness of life (not just organic biologic life)
      7. Eternal – without end
      8. Having the Son = Eternal Life
      9. Not having the Son = No Life
  5. Application
    1. Relation to God
      1. Importance of faith in God’s testimony —> Eternal life
        1. Romans 5:8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
        2. John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
        3. Ephesians 2:8-9 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.
      2. We can have assurance of our salvation (5:1)
      3. Obedience is born out of a sincere love for God (5:3)
      4. Obedience is not a burden – change our focus – if we are having difficulty, get to know God better. (5:3)
      5. Our faith does so much more than getting us into heaven, it is the power to over come the world. We need to go back to the root of our faith – Christ and refocus our lives on Him. (5:4)
    2. Relation to Others
      1. We have the ability to love – even the “unlovable” (5:2)
        1. Rom 5:8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
      2. The greatest testimony is the testimony of God (5:9)
        1. It is important to remember this when we are sharing the gospel. As great or as terrible our presentation is God’s testimony within the person is much greater. If someone rejects the testimony, they are calling God a liar – thus, we need to share the gospel and not be afraid.
  6. Big Picture – Faith is the key resulting in eternal life, assurance of salvation and it overcomes the world.