KING OF THE JEWS – Luke 23:1-5 ESV, Colin Munroe, Lead Pastor

King of the Jews

Luke 23:1-5 ESV
Then the whole company of them arose and brought him before Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man misleading our nation and forbidding us to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king.” 3 And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” 4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no guilt in this man.” 5 But they were urgent, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee even to this place.”


Matthew 27:1-5 ESV
When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death. 2 And they bound him and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate the governor. 3 Then when Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he changed his mind and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders, 4 saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” They said, “What is that to us? See to it yourself.” 5 And throwing down the pieces of silver into the temple, he departed, and he went and hanged himself.

John 18:28-40 ESV
Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. 29 So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?” 30 They answered him, “If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you.” 31 Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” 32 This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken to show by what kind of death he was going to die. 33 So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered, “Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?” 35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?” 36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” 37 Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world—to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.” 38 Pilate said to him, “What is truth?” After he had said this, he went back outside to the Jews and told them, “I find no guilt in him.

  • Killing Jesus had been their objective for some time.
  • This murderous council had to have Rome’s approval.
  • It is incredible how God’s will & man’s plans collide.
  • They could not be any more different in intention.
  • One was taking life while the other was giving life.
  • Let’s remember Jesus was not a victim but victor!
  • Jesus through one perfect offering made us right with God.

Acts 3:13-15 ESV
The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified his servant Jesus, whom you delivered over and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release him. 14 But you denied the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, 15 and you killed the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead. To this we are witnesses.

Acts 3:17-21 ESV
“And now, brothers, I know that you acted in ignorance, as did also your rulers. 18 But what God foretold by the mouth of all the prophets, that his Christ would suffer, he thus fulfilled. 19 Repent therefore, and turn back, that your sins may be blotted out, 20 that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, and that he may send the Christ appointed for you, Jesus, 21 whom heaven must receive until the time for restoring all the things about which God spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets long ago.

John 18:28 ESV
Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. 

  • They are concerned about being defiled?
  • Can we follow religious practices and be at odds with God?
  • What is our warning here?
  • Why did Cain kill his brother Abel?
  • Is sin knocking at your door?
  • Is there someone you need to forgive from the heart?
  • Is there someone you are envious, jealous of, or angry with?
  • Let’s live out the love, grace & forgiveness we have received.

John 18:29-32 ESV

So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?” 30 They answered him, “If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you.” 31 Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” 32 This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken to show by what kind of death he was going to die.

  • They said Jesus was doing evil.
    • We treat others the way we see them.
    • When we have resentment we project bad intentions.
    • We don’t see the best but assume the worst.
  • They give false testimony about Jesus.
  • It is interesting that they later stoned Stephen to death.
  • The details of the Father’s plan were realized to perfection.

Acts 2:22-24 ESV
“Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know— 23 this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men. 24 God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.

John 18:33-38 ESV

So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered, “Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?” 35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?” 36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” 37 Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world—to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.” 38 Pilate said to him, “What is truth?” After he had said this, he went back outside to the Jews and told them, “I find no guilt in him.

  • Jesus is breaking ground for the Gospel.
  • After this Pilate refers to Jesus as the King of the Jews.
    • He even posts it on His cross.
  • This brief encounter with Jesus convinced Pilate of His innocence and he sought His deliverance.
  • Pilate would later be surprised by His death.
  • Pilate is at odds with heaven’s will.
  • Jesus’ Kingdom had no earthly origin.
  • Jesus’ spiritual kingdom sought to conquer the soil of hearts.
    • Powerfully through the seed of Truth – His Word!
    • Not by force but by forgiveness.
    • His servants were not fighting for His deliverance
    • Jesus was fighting for ours!
  • Jesus did not say He would not have a kingdom on earth, but that His Kingdom is not from the world.
  • Jesus says that He came into this world to be its King!
  • Jesus was declaring His deity to Pilate.
  • What truth?
  • It is interesting that Truth Himself was in front of him.
  • If you know the Truth, He will set you free!
  • Do you know Him?

prayer